Interview with Paul Hawirko 1.4

Dublin Core


Interview with Paul Hawirko 1.4


farm buildings







Oral History Item Type Metadata


Lesiv, Mariya


Hawirko, Paul

OHMS Object Text

5.4 Interview with Paul Hawirko 1.4 2004-091-1709 27:01 U2 Local Cultures crops gardens chores religion farm buildings Hawirko, Paul Lesiv, Mariya mp3 2004-091-1709.mp3 0 Other audio English 0 Garden, crops, seeds In their garden, Paul's family planted nearly every vegetable. Examples: potato, cabbage, beets, onions, strawberries, squash, melons, raspberries, Saskatoon berries, corn, peas (which were grown in great abundance), turnips, rhubarb. Paul's mother mostly worked the garden, though his father would help with the garden in the evening after finishing on the farm. Everyone in the family helped with the planting of seeds. Paul's father would plough the garden and harrow it. Then, the family would plant the seeds as a unit. They planted as early as they could in the spring, depending on the weather. Paul still tries to plant his garden as early as possible. Paul's family tried to produce their own seeds when possible. His mother would grow poppies and keep the seeds from one year to the next. The seeds from the grains would be kept from one year to the next: wheat, oat, barley, flax, etc. In those days, they didn't grow any canola: they grew grasses for hay (though Paul can't remember the kind of grass they grew). 53.55014, -113.46871 12 Interview location: Edmonton, Alberta 56.00011, -117.00262 12 Locality: Reno, Alberta 477 Chores, sisters Paul's family was like a co-op: everyone would pitch in. When it came time to milk the cows, there would be several of them milking cows at once. Other chores included feeding the pigs and chickens. Transferring livestock from one meadow to another. When taking animals out to pasture, Paul would take a gun as there were bears in the area. With chores, there was some difference between boys and girls. Paul was the only boy and he was very young during the 30s, so his parents did most things. His sisters started working at a very young age and left fairly early. One sister did housekeeping for a well-off family. She was paid and given room and board. Two other sisters went to work as waitresses in Peace River. The last sister (the youngest of the sisters) was still in school when they left Reno. Paul's oldest sister was married in 1940, by which time she had been away from home for about 5 years. Paul's family never officially hired anyone to help with the farm. When they moved to Reno, they had a friend of the family and a cousin that would live with Paul's family off and on. They would pick up odd jobs when and where they could. They would also help out around the farm. 56.00011, -117.00262 12 Locality: Reno, Alberta 873 Church, religion, general store There was no church in Reno while Paul's family lived there. Instead, church services would be held in private homes by a variety of faiths. There were Greek Orthodox people and Catholic people in the area (these were the predominant faiths). There were some United Church people in the English community, as well. The families would arrange for a priest to come in for sermons when they could. The priests would conduct their services in homes associated with their faith (for example, Catholic priest in a Catholic home), but everyone was welcome to attend the sermon. Thus, when other priests came by to other homes, everyone would still attend. Paul's parents were Greek Orthodox. When Paul was 9 or 10, a Brother came out to Reno to teach catechisms and anyone that wanted to attend was welcome. Paul attended for 2 summers, despite not being Catholic. During most of the 30s, there was only 1 store in Reno. In 1938, a second store opened up. The second business didn't last long and the owner was forced to move back to Edmonton after 5 years. He could not compete with the original store owner. The first store was a general store with a post office and he would stock mechanical parts that people often needed. The second store primarily sold groceries and sweets. The general store would place deliveries for people and things would come by train. 56.00011, -117.00262 12 Locality: Reno, Alberta 1208 Other locations in Reno, Paul's house, farm buildings Paul's school was a community hall. Reno did build a community hall at the start of the War. The nearest police station was Peace River. There were no blacksmiths and the farmers would do the horseshoes themselves. There were no bars in Reno, but Peace River had those amenities. The family home was small. It was sparsely decorated and had just the bare essentials in it. There was a dining room table for the family and guests to eat at. His parent's had their bed at one end of the room and Paul had his cot at the other end of the room: the house was one big room on the bottom floor. The upstairs is where Paul's sisters had their beds. The house was very spartan. The house was heated via a large cast-iron wood-burning kitchen stove which was used for baking and cooking. They had a small heater that would be lit through the night and hopefully still lit by morning. However, the house was still cold at night. Sometimes, Paul's hair would be frozen to the wall if he washed his hair before bed. Other buildings on the farm included an icehouse, chicken coop, cow barn, horse barn, granary, a mobile bunkhouse, an outhouse, and covers for the machinery. Those were the only buildings. In 1940, Paul's father built a 1 car garage for his brother-in-law's car. The brother-in-law stored the car there because he worked for the railway and didn't know where he would be going and could not bring the car with him. The buildings, while numerous, were very simple. No transcript. audio 0



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